TED is a nonprofit organization devoted to Ideas Worth Spreading. It started out (in 1984) as a conference bringing together people from three worlds: Technology, Entertainment, Design. Since then its scope has become ever broader. Now it includes, well, YOU.
So welcome, dear ones, to our Next Big Project. This one gives you the chance to synthesize (pull together) a lot of what you have learned this year—organizing thoughts, collecting and arranging data, finding and communicating meaning—and, at the same time, record and post your brilliance for the whole world (or at least the Brookwood community) to see and hear.
The first thing to consider is, “What ideas do I have that are worth spreading?” Think about your areas of expertise. You know a lot about a lot of things! Brainstorm a list of topics you really like to think about. Narrow it down to...one.
Why is this an idea worth spreading? What makes this topic meaningful to your audience? This is really important. We don’t just want to learn about hamsters, though they are very cool. We want to know why it is important for us to understand about hamsters. How does an understanding of hamsters help us understand humans better?
I hope some of you will pick ideas-based topics that are meant to inspire us to get up and make a change. Are there any problems you might start to fix simply by getting the word out? I’d love to see a few “calls to action” among your topic choices.
The first part of your writing should be one paragraph explaining why this topic is relevant to all of our lives. Give us a good reason to care.
Now tell us what you know about your topic. Cameron Russell discussed her life as a model.
The best speeches also contain a story or two. What specific experiences have you had involving your topic? Cameron Russell told us about getting a free dress when she forgot her wallet, and also about getting away without a ticket simply because of the way she looked. What’s your story?
The best speeches combine your expertise with hard data. Dig up some facts (names, numbers, historical truths) to support what you already know. Cameron Russell told us about crime rates in New York to support her claim that discrimination based on looks is rampant all over. She also gave us numbers to show rates of body image issues and eating disorders, especially among young girls
Collect images: As you have seen in the TED Talk examples, lots of people use pictures to illustrate their ideas. You are free (and encouraged) to do the same. If you want, you should start now to gather images for a slideshow.
Pull it all together. Use the template below if it helps. Be sure to give your speech a catchy and clever title. Be specific. Revise according to checklist.
Work on slideshow.
Read your speech out loud, first backwards. Backwards means read the last sentence. Then read the second to last sentence and continue like this. This will help you catch sentence errors that might otherwise slip by unnoticed. Revise (see checklist). Then read the speech out loud from beginning to end. Then revise again.
Read your speech to the mirror. The cat. Anyone who will listen. Receive feedback, revise, and read it some more. Practice. Lift your eyes off the paper once in a while. Think of where a pause might be useful. Consider volume, pace, and emphasis. This step makes a very big difference.
Offer your gift of wisdom to an eager audience. That means, make the speech.
Rejoice. This is not actually a real step, but I thought it was solid to have ten steps.
Thursday, 1/21 end of class
Step 6 (and begin revisions)
Steps 7 and 8 (don’t forget to revise)
Steps 9 and 10! Yes, 10! Best step ever!
Examine the words. Have I used the most specific, effective, and vivid verbs, nouns, and adjectives?
What can I get rid of? Get rid of it.
Where could I add detail to help my audience really understand?
Do I have a catchy title? Is it clever?
How’s my lead? Does the first sentence pull the reader right in?
Have I been clear in expressing what I know about this topic?
Is the data useful? Have I included names and/or numbers and/or dates?
Does the narrative illustrate the main idea of my talk?
Does the conclusion clearly show how this topic is meaningful to everyone in the room and beyond? After all, this is almost public. This is really important.
What else can I add/subtract/delete/enhance to make my speech even more gripping, heartwarming, or meaningful?
When I was 11, I remember waking up one morning to the sound of joy in my house. My father was listening to BBC News on his small, gray radio. There was a big smile on his face which was unusual then, because the news mostly depressed him.
A morning that I will never forget. A real school. You see, I was six when the Taliban took over Afghanistan and made it illegal for girls to go to school. So for the next five years, I dressed as a boy to escort my older sister, who was no longer allowed to be outside alone, to a secret school. It was the only way we both could be educated. Each day, we took a different route so that no one would suspect where we were going. We would cover our books in grocery bags so it would seem we were just out shopping. The school was in a house, more than 100 of us packed in one small living room. It was cozy in winter but extremely hot in summer. We all knew we were risking our lives -- the teacher, the students and our parents. From time to time, the school would suddenly be canceled for a week because Taliban were suspicious. We always wondered what they knew about us. Were we being followed? Do they know where we live? We were scared, but still, school was where we wanted to be.
I was very lucky to grow up in a family where education was prized and daughters were treasured. My grandfather was an extraordinary man for his time. A total maverick from a remote province of Afghanistan, he insisted that his daughter, my mom, go to school, and for that he was disowned by his father. But my educated mother became a teacher. There she is. She retired two years ago, only to turn our house into a school for girls and women in our neighborhood. And my father -- that's him -- he was the first ever in his family to receive an education. There was no question that his children would receive an education, including his daughters, despite the Taliban, despite the risks. To him, there was greater risk in not educating his children. During Taliban years, I remember there were times I would get so frustrated by our life and always being scared and not seeing a future. I would want to quit, but my father, he would say, "Listen, my daughter, you can lose everything you own in your life. Your money can be stolen. You can be forced to leave your home during a war. But the one thing that will always remain with you is what is here, and if we have to sell our blood to pay your school fees, we will. So do you still not want to continue?"
Today I am 22. I was raised in a country that has been destroyed by decades of war. Fewer than six percent of women my age have made it beyond high school, and had my family not been so committed to my education, I would be one of them. Instead, I stand here a proud graduate of Middlebury College.
When I returned to Afghanistan, my grandfather, the one exiled from his home for daring to educate his daughters, was among the first to congratulate me. He not only brags about my college degree, but also that I was the first woman, and that I am the first woman to drive him through the streets of Kabul.
My family believes in me. I dream big, but my family dreams even bigger for me. That's why I am a global ambassador for 10x10, a global campaign to educate women. That's why I cofounded SOLA, the first and perhaps only boarding school for girls in Afghanistan, a country where it's still risky for girls to go to school. The exciting thing is that I see students at my school with ambition grabbing at opportunity. And I see their parents and their fathers who, like my own, advocate for them, despite and even in the face of daunting opposition.
Like Ahmed. That's not his real name, and I cannot show you his face, but Ahmed is the father of one of my students. Less than a month ago, he and his daughter were on their way from SOLA to their village, and they literally missed being killed by a roadside bomb by minutes. As he arrived home, the phone rang, a voice warning him that if he sent his daughter back to school, they would try again.
What I've come to realize about Afghanistan, and this is something that is often dismissed in the West, that behind most of us who succeed is a father who recognizes the value in his daughter and who sees that her success is his success. It's not to say that our mothers aren't key in our success. In fact, they're often the initial and convincing negotiators of a bright future for their daughters, but in the context of a society like in Afghanistan, we must have the support of men. Under the Taliban, girls who went to school numbered in the hundreds -- remember, it was illegal. But today, more than three million girls are in school in Afghanistan.
Afghanistan looks so different from here in America. I find that Americans see the fragility in changes. I fear that these changes will not last much beyond the U.S. troops' withdrawal. But when I am back in Afghanistan, when I see the students in my school and their parents who advocate for them, who encourage them, I see a promising future and lasting change. To me, Afghanistan is a country of hope and boundless possibilities, and every single day the girls of SOLA remind me of that. Like me, they are dreaming big.